Exploring the Python Language
Updated: Dec 6, 2019
What is Python?
Python is a general-purpose, object-oriented, high-level programming language. It is interpreted and dynamically-typed. Its readability along with its powerful libraries have given it the honor of being the preferred language for exciting careers like that of a data scientist or a machine learning engineer. Python is also often chosen as the language to introduce students to programming in schools and universities. This Python tutorials package help you to learn it from scratch and you will become a master of Python soon.
History of Python
Python first appeared in 1990 as a hobby project. Then came along Python 2.0 on 16 October 2000, and Python 3.0 followed on December 3, 2008, after a long period of testing. While most Python code still runs on version 2.7, the future belongs to version 3.0. The end-of-life for Python 2.7 is scheduled to be January 1, 2020; this is to buy some time for the transition for code from Python 2.0. What we recognize today as Python finds its etymological origins in his penchant for Monty Python’s Flying Circus, a British sketch comedy from 1969.
While the community dubs Guido the Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), he permanently resigned from this post on July 12, 2018.
Python is so easy to learn that it has some of the famous quotes, which describes about it a lot. Some of these quotes include:
“The fun of coding Python should be in seeing short, concise, readable classes that describe a lot of action in a small amount of clear code — not in reams of trivial code that bores the reader to death.” – Guido van Rossum, Founder of Python
“Everyone knows that any scripting language shootout that doesn’t depict Python as the best language is faulty by design.” – Max M
“The canonical, “Python is a great first language”, elicited, “Python is a great last language!” – Noah Spurrier
“Python has been an essential part of Google since the beginning and remains so as the system grows and evolves. Today many Google engineers use Python, and we’re looking for more people with skills in this language.” – Peter Norvig, Search Quality Director at Google
“Python is fast enough for our site and allows us to generate maintainable features in record times, with a minimum of developers.” – Cuong Do, Software Architect at YouTube.
Features of Python
Let’s see some of the interesting features of Python:
Easy to read, write and learn – Python is called a beginner-friendly language because of its simplicity. Python is easier to read, write and learn than other general programming languages.
Free and open-source – Python is freely available to download and it’s also open-source, which means you can create your flavour of Python by modifying the code and even distribute it.
Dynamic typed – Python is an interpreted language and the data type of Python is decided during the runtime and not at compile time. We don’t have to declare the data type for each variable.
Portable – Python is highly portable, you don’t have to change the code in order to shift your program from one operating system to another.
Large standard library – Python standard library comes with lots of implementations so you don’t have to write code for every task. The standard library comes packed with libraries for regular expressions, documentation-generator, unit-testing, web browsers, threading, database, emails, image manipulation, etc.
Frameworks let developers automate redundant tasks. This allows users to focus on application logic rather than the routine elements.
Let us discuss some of the popular frameworks of Python:
Django – Django is one of the most loved full-stack frameworks for web development. It follows the DRY(Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle and offers rapid development.
Flask – Flask is a micro-framework for web-based applications that is well suited for easy and small projects.
Robot framework – Robot is an open-source testing framework for test-driven development. It’s an extensible keyword-driven automation framework for acceptance testing.
Tornado – The tornado framework is mainly built to handle asynchronous programming. It is highly scalable due to non-blocking system which was inspired by the node.js
CherryPy- CherryPy is an object-oriented Python framework which is a non-full stack web framework. It is used to provide CRUD functionalities for applications and helps in managing project.
Python developers are in great demand in today's scenarios. From web application to data science to big data, Python has a great demand in every aspect like-
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